About. Why Fedora?
You might be wondering, "why is Korora derived from Fedora?"
Perhaps you have used Fedora in the past yourself and been burnt, or perhaps you can't stand Yum, Fedora's package manager. Perhaps you even hate RPMs? Well, we understand!
Let us also say, that we think you should give Fedora another chance (like we did), or at least continue reading this page.
All distros are different and they have different goals. However, we're drawn to Fedora for several reasons including the fact that at its heart, Fedora is about building a community of contributors, not just consumers.
Relationship with Red Hat
Fedora is a community operating system, whose major commercial sponsor is Red Hat. Many Red Hat engineers work on free software projects (see Upstream below) and Fedora provides a platform to push those changes to a large audience. While there is a small team of Red Hat engineers dedicated to working on Fedora, it remains primarily a community driven project.
Fedora has a great set of values, which embody the very heart of the community; Freedom, Friends, Features, First. A central goal for Fedora is advancing free software and content freedom, which benefits the whole World.
In particular, we admire Fedora's strong support of freedom. This means that they do not ship (nor support) proprietary software, but naturally prefer (and create where necessary) free software alternatives. For example, instead of building tools to help install NVIDIA drivers, Fedora invested in Nouveau, the free 3D driver for NVIDIA cards. This not only keeps Fedora free to re-distribute, but it benefits the whole Linux community. That's extremely admirable, in our opinion.
That's not to say that you can't get the NVIDIA drivers, or other proprietary software for your system. Various third party repositories, such as RPMFusion, exist for this very purpose (and of course, Korora configures all this for you out of the box!).
Yum (and RPM) have made leaps and bounds over the last few years and you might actually enjoy using it now (and it's quite fast!). Having said that, most package commands are run through PackageKit these days thanks to graphical package managers. As for RPMs themselves, they're just a binary package format like Debs – it's the package manager that makes the difference.
Download an RPM from the net and you can install it with Yum (or via the GUI using PackageKit), which will automatically pull in any dependencies for you. You rarely use the rpm command, just like in Debian and Ubuntu you rarely use dpkg. The days of "RPM hell" are long gone.
Fedora also has a wonderful addition, called groups. After some educational software, office programs, or support for your language? It's easy, just install the group you need, like so:
$ sudo yum groupinstall "Educational Software"
If you're a developer, getting started with Fedora is easy. Just install the development group you need, such as GNOME, KDE, Java, Kernel, Perl, or even the Web.
$ sudo yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
There are almost 200 groups, ready to make your life easier!
Fedora also has several contributor repositories available for end users, which is sort-of similar to Ubuntu's PPA (Personal Package Archive). However, Fedora often provides updates for major packages anyway, so you don't actually need to add a separate repository to get the latest version of things like KDE.
If that's still not enough, you can also install Debian's Apt package manager and other graphical front-ends like Synaptic in Fedora!
Similar to other non-rolling release distros, Fedora generally only applies bug fixes to a stable release, rather than introducing new features with later versions.
Having said that though, Fedora does often provide major updates to some specific software. In general, packages like Firefox, LibreOffice, KDE, and the Linux kernel itself get major updates. So, with Fedora you are not left behind quite as much, nor having to add repositories for unofficial builds. We like that.
With every new release, Fedora is often leading the charge to implement new free software technologies. In fact, Fedora's primary sponsor Red Hat is responsible for some great desktop enhancements, including AIGLX (Accelerated Indirect GLX), D-Bus, DeviceKit, HAL, NetworkManager, Ogg Theora, and PolicyKit. Even the Wayland display server was started by Kristian Høgsberg when he was working for Red Hat (he's now at Intel).
Not to mention that out of all the vendors, Red Hat contributes the most to the Linux kernel and to X.Org. Red Hat is also the biggest contributor to GNOME (including GNOME Shell) and they also provide infrastructure, hosting and bandwidth for the project.
Fedora works as closely to upstream as possible. They don't often go off on their own tangent with disregard for upstream projects. If they want to have something changed, they work with upstream to create fixes and introduce new features which benefits everyone.
Take the Chromium web browser for example. It's not included in Fedora for several reasons, but Fedora people are working with Google to fix these issues, so that it can be included nicely. By doing this, other distros will benefit!
Having said that, there are Chromium builds available too. Just add the repository and away you go!
Working upstream provides many great benefits to Fedora and ultimately makes it a more stable system because the fixes are shared with everyone.
Many used to wonder at the usefulness of SELinux (Security Enhanced Linux). After all, this is Linux right? It's secure enough.
That might be true, but SELinux is still extremely useful (and even Debian is now busy implementing SELinux).
SELinux works by protecting your system, even if there is an exploit available in an application which gives users root access. Take Apache for example. In a non-SELinux enabled system, if a user gains root through an exploit in Apache they will have full access to your machine. Not so with SELinux. Even if someone gains root access, there are rules around what Apache can and can't do. For example, these might be restricting it to only reading the directory which holds websites. Your system is compromised, but the damage is limited.
SELinux is not just useful for servers. It's also valuable to your desktop system, especially if you use Adobe's proprietary flash player (which is known to have lots of security holes). When Fedora first implemented SELinux, there were lots of issues because it would block the system from doing what were considered normal tasks. These growing pains are now over, and SELinux rarely gets in the way. Even if it does, the graphical tool which pops up will tell you how to change that particular behaviour (if you really want to).
Of course, at the end of the day you can still turn SELinux off (or just to warning mode). Korora leaves it enabled as it's a great way to add extra security to your system, especially as a major part of our lives are now lived on the Internet.
Fedora comes with lots of handy graphical tools to help you manage your system, including:
- language settings
- network shares
- web server
And many more..
In the last few years we've been solely using Fedora and have been super impressed with its reliability. Things just work, as you would expect them to. No weirdness. Even though Fedora provides major updates to many packages, it's still more reliable than other popular distributions we've used. Perhaps this is due to sticking close to upstream.
Fedora is truly a great, free operating system. Its core principles are ones that we fully support, but which we recognise might restrict or turn away some users. This is why we chose to re-launch Korora in its new form, so that users don't give up on Fedora before they have a chance to love it. We see great potential in Fedora and great benefit to those who are using it.
Thanks to their wonderful build tools like livecd-creator, we are able to create a powerful operating system that includes all the tweaks and extras that users want out of the box.